House of the hollow, or of the cavern, the name of two towns or villages (2 Chr. 8:5; 1 Chr. 7:24) in the territory of Ephraim, on the way from Jerusalem to Joppa. They are distinguished as Beth-horon "the upper" and Beth-horon "the nether." They are about 2 miles apart, the former being about 10 miles north-west of Jerusalem. Between the two places was the ascent and descent of Beth-horon, leading from Gibeon down to the western plain (Josh. 10:10, 11; 18:13, 14), down which the five kings of the Amorites were driven by Joshua in that great battle, the most important in which the Hebrews had been as yet engaged, being their first conflict with their enemies in the open field. Jehovah interposed in behalf of Israel by a terrific hailstorm, which caused more deaths among the Canaanites than did the swords of the Israelites. Beth-horon is mentioned as having been taken by Shishak, B.C. 945, in the list of his conquests, and the pass was the scene of a victory of Judas Maccabeus. (Comp. Ex. 9:19, 25; Job 38:22, 23; Ps. 18:12-14; Isa. 30:30.) The modern name of these places is Beit-ur, distinguished by el-Foka, "the upper," and el-Tahta, "the nether." The lower was at the foot of the pass, and the upper, 500 feet higher, at the top, west of Gibeon. (See Gibeon.)

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Beth-Horon — (d.i. Ort der Höhlung, a. Geogr.), 1) das obere, Levitenstadt, u. 2) (Bethar), das niedere, nahe bei einander liegende Städte, im Stamme Ephraim, von Salomo befestigt. Nicht weit davon war ein Gebirgspaß, wo Josua die 5 Könige Kanaans schlug u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Beth-Horon — Beït Horon Beït Horon Géographie Altitude 550 m Massif …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beth Horon — A city situated on the road from the coast to Jerusalem and consequently often under attack (Josh. 10:10; 1 Macc. 3:16) …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Battle of Beth Horon — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Beth Horon caption= partof=Maccabean Revolt date=166 BC place=Beth horon, acsent of Beit Horon result=Jewish victory combatant1=Jewish rebels combatant2=Seleucid army commander1=Judas Maccabeus… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Beth Horon (66) — The Battle of Beth Horon was a battle fought in 66 CE between Roman and Jewish forces and was one of the decisive battles in the First Jewish Roman War. It convinced the Romans of the need to counter the public humiliation by a full and thorough… …   Wikipedia

  • ḤUNYA (Neḥunya, Ḥanina) OF BETH-HORON — (Brat Hauran), Palestinian amora of the early third century who lived in Hauran in Transjordan (S. Klein, Ever ha Yarden ha Yehudi (1925), 57f.), whence he would periodically visit Tiberias. It is said that when he crossed the Jordan it parted… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Beth — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Beth peut faire référence à : beth, une lettre de l alphabet hébreu, Bēth, la 2e lettre de l alphabet syriaque, Beth (nombre) Beth, chanson du groupe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BET(H)-HORON — (Heb. בֵּית חוֹרוֹן; Upper, עֶלְיוֹן (Elyon), and Lower, תַּחְתּוֹן (Taḥton), two adjacent biblical towns named after the Canaanite deity Horon mentioned in Ugaritic literature and other texts. The towns, known as Upper and Lower Horon, were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Beit Horon — ( he. בֵּית חוֹרוֹן) is a communal settlement (Israel) and Israeli settlement located in the northern Judean part of the central West Bank along Route 443, the biblical pass of Beit Horon, between Modi in and Jerusalem. The village is located… …   Wikipedia

  • Beit-Horon — Beït Horon Beït Horon Géographie Altitude 550 m Massif …   Wikipédia en Français

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